T A T Y Z
HOW TO CHOOSE SHOES FOR CHILDREN
by TATYZ on April 15th, 2019

     How to choose shoes for your children?  

   Choosing right size and type of shoes,  checking quality and proper materials of shoes,  you will help your child to avoid many health problems in future like  bunions, hammertoes and foot pain, deformity of the foot. One of the most common and dangerous diseases that appears and develops due to the wearing of poor-quality or improperly selected children's shoes is flatfoot.

    Babies do not need shoes. Newborns, sitters and crawlers only need booties or socks to keep their feet warm, or pre-walking shoes that do not bind their feet. The shoe should be highly flexible.  They should NOT be rigid or stiff in the sole. It’s very important that the shoe be shaped like the child’s foot.  It is best use socks with a pre-walking shoe as their feet can be sweaty and cause friction on their tender toes.
 
    Doctors-orthopedists believe that as soon as the child will start to walk   (between nine and twelve months) , it is necessary for it to wear shoes even if it  grow out of them in six months.
  General rule: your child needs a flat, soft and bendy sole for their foot health.
  Shoes for toddlers (9 months to 3 years) should allow the foot to breathe, since their feet sweat profusely at this age.
   Toddlers can go barefoot in a protected environment, such as indoors.

                                                                 SHOE SIZE GUIDE

   What size baby shoes should you buy?

 First of all, child shoes should be larger than the feet, when measured from heel to the top of the big toe. It's  around 0.5 - 1 cm for sandals, 1-1.5 cm for closed shoes  and  spring/autumn boots,  1,5-2 cm for winter boots .That gives your baby a good toe wiggle and growth room.

   When possible,  try child shoes on.  If you order shoe online, you need to measure your child feet.

HOW TO MEASURE YOUR CHILD'S FEET

To measure your child's feet:

1.   Place  child's foot on a piece of paper. Make sure they are bearing weight and standing up straight.
2. Draw a line around the heel and the toes, as close to their foot as possible.
3. Measure your child's foot length  from the  back of the heel to the top of the longest toe.
  It’s also a good idea to measure both feet since one foot many times is a little bit bigger than the other. You should generally purchase the size that fits the largest foot.

 
 However,  in stores you don't see shoe sizes in inches or centimetres, you see them in different numbers. Different brands will size their shoes differently. Most of shoe manufacturers have its own shoe charts, based on baby/child foot lenghts. You don't need to add  any length allowances to your baby foot length if you want to buy right-to-fit shoes, as toe  room  and grows allowances  are usually built into  conversion chart  by the manufacturer.       Manufacturer's shoe lasts (plastic or wood  shoe form)  which are used to make shoes, already has this allowances build in their shape as shoe  inner measurement is determined by the shoe lasts.
 See, general conversion shoe size chart based on  exact  foot   measurement.

The second important issue is quality of shoes and materials which shoes are made from.

When choosing children's shoes, pay attention to:

1.  Sole. The basic rule is: the smaller the child, the more  flexible the sole should be. In high-quality children's shoes, the sole is always wide, light and has a roll from the heel part to the toe with a certain angle, which helps the child to put the foot correctly and not stumble when walking. Before you buy shoes, bend them in your hands to check the flexibility of the sole. When a child takes a step, the shoe should bend at the base of the toe.  If the sole of the shoe bends in the middle, then such shoes can harm the foot of the child, since anatomically the human foot is not designed to bend between the heel and the front of the foot.
  Make sure, shoe sole is anti slippery.
 
2. Heel. A small heel is needed so that there is a small difference between the heel and toe. It helps your child to walk properly  and  prevents the baby to fall back. Foe the first shoes, the heel  height should be no more than  5-7 mm.  The length of the shoe  heel should be  at least 1/3 of the  length of the sole to support the  foot heel and back segment of the arch.

3.  Heel counter.  The heel counter  must be firm with a rounded top shape to deliver the stable support and soft comfort that developing feet need . In small baby shoes the  heel  counter should cover not only the heel of the foot , but also the ankle area (bone) to  support the arch of the foot . This kind of  high top shoe shape   insure the correct position  of the  heel and eliminates its deformation when walking. Squeeze the counter with your thumb and forefinger, if it is too soft, then from constant wear it will completely weaken, and the shoe will not support the ankle and heel of your baby foot. Shoe counter shouldn't move from left to right .
 
4. Instep supporter. Make sure shoes have instep supporter - a soft cushion on the inside of the sole, which supports the arch of the foot. The arch support will prevent the flatfoot developing. This pad according  should have a different thickness depending on the size of the shoe.

5. Shoe upper. Top and sides of the shoes. Shoe upper should be made from flexible material.  If the shoe  upper  are not flexible enough and the child’s foot cannot easily bend inside the shoe when walking.

6. Shoe material.  Upper and lining of  good quality shoe  should be made from natural materials( leather, suede, nubuck) This allows your baby's foot to breathe, so it won't be hot in such shoes in summer, and  in winter it will not be cold. Shoes must not have a strong smell. Odor indicates the use of low-quality materials. Try to avoid buying shoes that are made of synthetic materials.

7. Insole. It should be made from leather which help to absorb  moisture from foot. In high quality shoes, the insole is made of several layers: leather and  polyethylene foam under it, which gives softness and good cushioning. Many leather and canvas shoes have removable inner soles which means they can go through the wash.

 8. Fastening system. Child shoe has to have good and secure fastening system - laces or velcro ( zip for boots). It should prevent child's foot to move around in shoe when walking. Velcro fasteners make it easier to get shoes on and off . But your baby may figure out how to open them and remove his/her shoes. Laces are not that easy to open. If you choose shoes with laces, make sure they're long enough to tie into double knots. Then they will not come undone as often.



Posted in Shoe Quality & Product Care    Tagged with how to choose shoes for kids, how to choose correct size for baby shoes, how to choose shoes for children


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