by TATYZ on March 27th, 2018

    Leather is one of the oldest natural material known to human. Leather is a fibrous substance comprising a closely interwoven system of fibres that have natural elasticity. It's sold per square foot, and is called skins. There are several main  skins available: cowhide, calf, sheep/lamb, goat/kids, pigskin.

  Different types  of tanning process is used to turn hide to leather. Most hides have to be split because it is too thick to be used in any type of manufacturing.  Different coats (polymer or pigments)  can also be applied on  top surface  of the leather to achieve different finishes and looks ( patent leather, suede, embossed leather, etc)

     Leather is a very versatile material especially  for footwear due to its unique properties, the most important of them being tensility, strength, elongation, flexibility, ability to absorb and transmit  moisture, breathing and insulating qualities.

      Artificial  leather ( known as  faux leather, vegan Leather, PU Leather, PVC Leather, synthetic Leather)  is a material made by  human beings, mainly  with 2 layers: bottom  layer (usually textile or non-woven material) and Polyurethane, PVC  or other  surface.  PU leather is cheaper than genuine leather,  it  has a nice-looking finish, but is not as durable, as full-grain leather​. Artificial  leather doesn't have ability to breathe as well as absorb and transmit moisture from human skin,it lacks the natural elasticity  that why is not an ideal material for footwear. 

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